Atheism And Agnosticism Essay Examples

  • Moral Decline Of The Roman Republic

    2044 words - 9 pages

    An Exploration of Sallust's and Plutarch's View of the Jamie Neufeld ST# 864583 For: L. Foley Class. 111.3 (08) Though there are varied dates as to the time that the Roman Republic stood, it is agreed upon as lasting approximately 500 years. During the last century of its existence (133 BC -27 BC) there were the many violent years of The Civil Wars and much social strife. Though the end result of these final years of the res publica was the adoption of an Emperor and the birth of the Roman Empire, the focu

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    Tesco In The Media

    1933 words - 8 pages

    Introduction: There was a task set to analyse the coverage of a business event from two independent sources. The business event was analysed between a group of four and documented through a presentation and a written report. It was decided that a big business event at the time was the announcing of Tesco’s first half profits at The report and presentation were split into 4 key sections. Each section focused on a different aspect of the analysis. The information was grouped under four key headings: 1. Arguments developed 2. Use of Evidence 3. Effectiveness of Arguments 4. Validit

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    Does Evil Exist

    1239 words - 5 pages

    Does Evil Exist? Does evil exist? Is there a right or wrong answer? If asked this question I believe many, if not all people would answer, yes, evil does exist. But how can we be so quick to make this assumption? What does anyone know about pure evil? If I had to answer the question I would probably go with yes, evil does exist. My answer would be right in line with everyone else’s because we see or hear of murders, car jackings, kidnappings, rapes, and robbery just about every day. People think that there is good so there must be evil. If you are talking to someone of the Christian religi

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    The Knowledge Which We Value Most

    1461 words - 6 pages

    Humans possess many kinds of knowledge; knowledge that was arrived at logically, knowledge based on perceptions, and religious knowledge are all some examples. This combination of knowledge gives us an advantage and separates us from the rest of the species on Earth, so it can be said to be of great value to mankind. However of all the knowledge that we have individually, some are more valuable than others. I believe the knowledge that we value the most is the knowledge for which we can provide the strongest justifications. The definition of knowledge itself is justified true beliefs ; ther

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    Does God Exist

    1061 words - 5 pages

    The Ontological Argument One of the most important attempts to demonstrate the existence of God is the ontological argument. This argument maintains that God, defined as the greatest being that can be conceived, must exist, since a being that does not exist would by virtue of that fact lack an attribute that contributes to its greatness. Critics have questioned, however, whether existence actually contributes to a being’s greatness. Below is an explanation of the Ontological argurment: “We have an idea of an all-perfect being, and this is what we mean by God (Klemke 260).” Premise 1: We ha

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    Discuss The Importance Of Reason And Emotion In Distinguishing Between Belief And Knowledge

    1569 words - 7 pages

    4. Sometimes we hear reasoned arguments that oppose a view to which we are emotionally committed; sometimes we hear a passionate plea for a view we have good reason to reject. Bearing this in mind, discuss the importance of reason and emotion in distinguishing between belief and knowledge. Reason and emotion are two ways of knowing which can potentially impact the function of each other very significantly. However, separately, reason and emotion are two ways of knowing which are essential in distinguishing between belief and knowledge. Taking into account all areas of knowledge, reason

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    Latimer S Fictitious Clairvoyance Generates Fantasy

    1323 words - 6 pages

    Latimer’s Fictitious Clairvoyance Generates Fantasy In “The Lifted Veil,” George Eliot tells the story of Latimer, a self-proclaimed clairvoyant whose interpretations create a false reality. His crafted perceptions of the people around him lead to an artificial vision of himself, his family and Bertha. Latimer mistakenly construes the thoughts of his father, believing he is seen as inferior to his brother. He understands from his tutor he has a problem, and convinces himself it is fact. His psychic analyses of both Alfred and Bertha influence his demeanor and his life story. The peopl

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    Network Model In Onion Routing Network

    1044 words - 5 pages

    Network Model in Onion Routing Network For purposes of this analysis, an Onion Routing network consists of onion proxies (or simply proxies), Core Onion Routers (CORs), links, over which CORs pass xed length cells, and responder proxies, which reconstruct cells into the application layer data stream. An attempt to analyze the tra c on a real onion routing network might try to take advantage of topo- logical features, exit policies, outside information about communicants, and other details that we cannot hope to incorporate in a mathematical assessment of onion outing networks general

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    William James The Will To Believe

    1006 words - 5 pages

    William James aims to provide a justification of faith with his essay “The Will to Believe.” He presents many ideas on what influences a person’s beliefs. He believes one of these influences to be our passion or our will. He later describes specific examples that explain his psychological theory about how beliefs are acquired. But he first defines a set of terms in the way he will use them in his essay, ignoring their use in ordinary language. The first vocabulary distinction he gives us is hypothesis. He defines this as anything that may be presented for us to believe. He will speak o

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    1022 words - 5 pages

    Reason is an instrument or tool that use by human to understand one thing. It is a technique to identifying a thing through one’s sense. Actually reasoning is a collective effort by certain people in order to establish an idea or theory. Reason will trigger a big effort among people when they are eager to know something. They also have right to ask about reason if they claim something to know or if they want to clarifying about certain issue. Reason will trigger a big effort among people when they inquiry to know some knowledge. In new era people tend to ask a reason for any cases that happe

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    1225 words - 5 pages

    Well when you ever do decide to look at your one particular flavor of your one particular sect of your one particular religion... you may realize how utterly...asinine the entire thing is... if you ever do decide to actually, i dunno...READ the bible, and you realize how sadistic your God character is, and how easy it is to tell that this book was written by chauvinistic bronze-age goat-herders, you may question something. When you begin to realize how before you could keep yourself from shitting your pants you had already been indoctrinated into a cult (be offended if you wish, by defin

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    Finding Your Truth Through Nozickz Conditions Of Knowledge

    1466 words - 6 pages

    Nozick’s, conditions for knowledge, is a system that helps the individual put their thoughts in an order in which the individual can check for validity. The validity or non validity of the thoughts contributes to a conclusion that is of the highest truth for the individual. Thoughts do not have order until they are put into order by the being that possesses the thoughts. Humans are beings that are able to put thoughts, received from various stimuli, in an order that results in a conclusion. Nozick’s system, is a system of deductive reasoning. Deductive reasoning is done naturally, by ever

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    Evaluate The Novel The Old Man And The Sea

    1028 words - 5 pages

    Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as the way of knowing. Reason It has been said that man is a rational animal. All my life I have been searching for evidence which could support this. Bertrand Russell (1950) Reason is a way of knowing that involves different elements. In a very general sense, reasoning is a collective endeavor by which people construct meaning together by exchanging, modifying and improving their ideas and opinions. When someone makes a claim to know, it is legitimate to ask for reasons and to expect that these will be coherent. Arguments require consistency.

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    Philosophy Of Religion And The Existence Of God

    1213 words - 5 pages

    The Philosophy of Religion and proving the existence of God is a feat many philosophers have been trying to logically explain for years. Great philosophers such as William Paley and Anselm have attempted to justify God’s existence, yet there is one philosopher who, in my opinion, has the most reasonable explanation. In The Five Ways, St. Thomas Aquinas lays out some reasonable arguments to why God must exist: because everything is in motion, there must be an unmoved mover who originates all change; because cause exists, there must be a first cause to explain that existence; and because things

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    Absurdities In Christianity

    2537 words - 11 pages

    Absurdities you find in Christianity. By Jon Evans Why am I an agnostic? Because I don't believe some of the things that other people say they believe. Where do you get your religion, anyway? I won't bother to discuss just what religion is, but I think a fair definition of religion could take account of two things, at least, immortality and God, and that both of them are based on some book, so practically all of it is a book. As I have neither the time nor the learning to discuss every religious book on earth, and as I live in Mahomet, I am interested in the Christian religion. So I will

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    Argument Analysis

    1492 words - 6 pages

    Writing Assignment #1 Persuasive writing, also known as argumentative writing, utilizes logic and reason to show that one idea is more legitimate than another. It attempts to persuade a reader to adopt a certain point of view, or to take a particular action. An argument is more persuasive than another when it contains relevant information that supports its claims, and is able to provide a sufficient counter-argument for its opponent’s viewpoint. Also, a more effective argument has its ideas arranged effectively, in a manner that successfully sways the audience towards a logical conc

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    1067 words - 5 pages

    The meaning of life consists of philosophical questions concerning the purpose and significance of human existence such as “Why are we here?”, “Who are we?”, “Where do we come from?”, and “Where are we going?”. The meaning of life is filled with the intertwine of philosophycal and religious concepts of existence, consciousness, and happiness. It could also be values, right and wrong, bad and good, free will, afterlife, and existence of god. Science indirectly interpret the life with the empirical facts about the universe. I agree with Albert Camus’ statement of that the meaning of life is the

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    Philosophy 111

    1143 words - 5 pages

    (1.2) Explicate what you take to be the argument in nun Vajira’s poem. How does Nagasena use the poem for the purposes of convincing king Milinda that there is no soul? Do you agree with Craig that the point of the poem is “not about the conventionality of language” (Craig 42)? In chapter 4,”What am I: An unknown Buddhist on the self: King Milinda’s chariot,” of Edward Craig’s (2002) book, “Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction,” a king, King Milinda and a Buddhist monk, Nagasena, were engaged in a heated argument on the topic of whether or not soul is of existence. After some time of back a

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    Existance Of God

    1616 words - 7 pages

    The problem of evil is an argument that seems to uncover a contradiction in the belief of God. The God I'm referring to is the Christian, monotheistic God who is omniscient, omnipotent, as well as omnibenevolent. From these three characteristics of God, it can be deduced that God, in his omniscience knows how to prevent evil, in his omnipotence can prevent evil, and in his omnibenevolence wants to prevent evil. However, evil does exist in the world. This is problematic because it seems to argue against the existence of God. But upon further reasoning and examination of the evidence present in

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    Why I Am Anthest

    5437 words - 22 pages

    Why I Am An Atheist? A new question has cropped up. Is it due to vanity that I do not believe in the existence of an omnipotent, omnipresent and omniscient God? I had never imagined that I would ever have to confront such a question. But conversation with some friends has given me, a hint that certain of my friends, if I am not claiming too much in thinking them to be so-are inclined to conclude from the brief contact they have had with me, that it was too much on my part to deny the existence of God and that there was a certain amount of vanity that actuated my disbelief. Well, the problem i

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    A Few Complaints From Your Hair

    1273 words - 6 pages

    A Few Complaints from Your Hair Ouch - that hurt! Haven't you ever heard of detangler? Maybe some conditioner or at least some type of product to fix these dreadful dry ends? This is what I mean. This is me, your hair talking, trying to briefly state my complaints or call it my thoughts. Nobody thinks about my feelings. Maybe things would be different if I was the organ that allowed you to taste chocolate. Then I might be properly appreciated. But as things stand now, it's hopeless. Well, I'm not normally into self-promotion but, as they say, "If I am not for myself, who will be for m

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    Mice And Men

    1027 words - 5 pages

    The novel “Of mice and men” is written by John Steinbeck at the time of great depression in America. All people had a dream to forget their problems. As in the novel, men, like George, have to work in the ranch and move constantly to get little money. That makes them have a dream to hope for something better. Curley’s wife has a dream to forget her loneliness in the ranch because nobody understands her. She only hopes that her dream will come true. Their hopeless dream for independence is difficult to achieve as nothing comes true finally. George dream is the American dream. His drea

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    Christopher Hitchens Neoconservatism

    2136 words - 9 pages

    Christopher Hitchens – Neoconservatism Christopher Hitchens describes himself as an anti-theist and a believer in the philosophical values of the enlightenment. Dr. Hitchen’s became an activist against Islam when Ayatullah Kohmeini declared a fatwa against his personal friend Salman Rushdie. This event led him to join the neo-conservative side on foreign policy and the war on terrorism. Dr. Hitchens believes that the war on terrorism is both just and necessary. He backs this statement up with numerous facts and hypothetical situations that could’ve happen if the US government had not in

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    Pascals Wager

    1670 words - 7 pages

    Kiran Ramsaroop (RMSKIR001) Philosophy Essay 1 ____________________________________________________________ _______________ “Wager, then, without hesitation that He is”. Outline an argument that may have led Pascal to this conclusion and critically consider one objection to it. ____________________________________________________________ _______________ There are many perspectives from which to form our beliefs. Beliefs can be formed from epistemic reasoning, where one only believes only in truths and disbelieves falsehoods, reasoning only with knowledge. Alternatively, a beli

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    Belief Versus Acceptance

    8425 words - 34 pages

    (Philosophical Explorations 2, 2000, 122-137) BELIEF VERSUS ACCEPTANCE Raimo Tuomela Academy of Finland and University of Helsinki I INTRODUCTION Belief seems to be connected to truth and to the acceptance of the content of belief as true. If a person accepts as true that the cat is on the mat, then it might seem that he must also believe that the cat is on the mat, and conversely. However, the connections here should be investigated in terms that are more precise and should be properly argued for. This is my main aim in this paper. I will discuss these matters not only in the case of single a

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    1125 words - 5 pages

    Philosophy Paper #1 A very controversial argument is the argument for and against the existence of god. This argument can get people very emotional and upset causing emotional and even physical pain to some. But really, who wants to believe that other people think you’re ridiculous for believing in god. When it gets down to the subject my opinion is god doesn’t exist because there is much more evidence against gods existence than for it. There are so many events and changes that happened throughout the history of time that could prove that god does not exist. There are also many arguments

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    Phy Of Religion

    4127 words - 17 pages

    During World War 2, modern military units established bases on numerous South Sea Islands. Primitive Polynesian natives had never seen technology before or people of the outside world. The simple islanders did not understand what they observed. Airplanes, guns, grenades, torpedos, radios and television were beyond their experience. After the war, people flew back to the islands and made a remarkable discovery. They saw effigies of airplanes. The natives prayed to large models of the airplane. A simple and pure culture on remote islands had been contaminated by the presence of the military.

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    Reflection On Pascals Wager

    1146 words - 5 pages

    Paper #1 The Wager Section 233 Michael Holden Part I- In section 233 of the passage The Wager, Pascal argues through the concept of infinity with respect to numbers, that the idea of the infinite is definite in its existence. He then uses this argument of the fact that the infinite exists to state that god’s existence can neither be proven nor disproven. This uncertainty of god’s existence is the basis for Pascal’s whole wager. Pascal uses this theory of the unprovable nature of god to present a wager. Pascal informs the reader that they must accept this wager; that they cannot deny

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    The Problem With Evil

    1217 words - 5 pages

    Brian Griffin Problem of Evil According to, Evil is “the intention or effect of causing harm or destruction usually specifically from the perception of deliberately violating some moral code.” In other words, evil is the opposite of good. Because evil is so prominent in our society today, and people are often questioning why such horrible things are happening, this major aspect of apologetics principles often comes to the forefront. Many, who aren’t believers in the God of the bible, pose this question, “If God is good, all-knowing, all-powerful, and then why does evil

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    Why I Dont Believe In God

    1429 words - 6 pages

    Why don’t you believe in God? I get that question all the time. I always try to give a sensitive, reasoned answer. This is usually awkward, time consuming and pointless. People who believe in God don’t need proof of his existence, and they certainly don’t want evidence to the contrary. They are happy with their belief. They even say things like “it’s true to me” and “it’s faith.” I still give my logical answer because I feel that not being honest would be patronizing and impolite. It is ironic therefore that “I don’t believe in God because there is absolutely no scientific evidence for his exi

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    What Is Atheism

    1245 words - 5 pages

    What Is Atheism? NOTE: Please do not confuse the definition of atheism with the philosophy of atheism. A lot of atheists do not like the idea of atheism only being a “lack of belief in gods,” but that is because they are placing the philosophy of atheism onto the definition of atheism. The two are different. If the definition of atheism qualified as the philosophy then we must accept babies in our numbers, which is obviously ridiculous. The philosophy of atheism ranges from one person to another, which is why I do not address it in this article. My concern is the definition of the word. I w

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    Tok Essay

    1072 words - 5 pages

    “Man is made by his belief. As he believes, so he is” Bhagavad Gita, 500 BCE The question about what propels people, what makes people who they are has excited peoples’ minds since the very beginning of the humanity. Bhagavad Gita gave his own point of view of this issue, saying that “Man is made by his belief. As he believes so he is”. The words have been said more than 2 thousand years ago, are still relevant today. To evaluate how deeply I agree with the following quotation or not, first of all I have to understand what the meaning of the term “a belief” is. Belief is any state which is

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    What Is An Argument

    1346 words - 6 pages

    Phi 113 Essay 1 An argument is formed by two or more statements: one or more premises, as well as a conclusion. These statements can be true or false, and as a result, the argument can be good or bad. Premises serve to provide reasons or evidence for the conclusion and the conclusion serves to either be supported by or not supported by the premises. Premises and conclusions interact in many different ways. There can be arguments with true premises and a false conclusion, and there can be arguments with false premises and a true conclusion, etc. With so much variation in the way one ca

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    Proving His Existence

    1903 words - 8 pages

    Mind and Machine PHI 200 Proving His Existence Since the beginning of time there have been many arguments, disagreements, confusion and speculation on the existence of God. The question is those that believe in the existence of God do they have to prove the existence of God to the non-believers of God? To answer that question I believe that to let an individual know where you stand on your belief of the existence of God then yes you should provide your theories and proof that God does exist. In order to prove the existence of God and his presence in our lives and on earth you can refer

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    Anti Euthanasia

    3414 words - 14 pages

    REASONS AGAINST • People might commit euthanasia against a person’s wishes. • People might recover from an illness against all odds. Doctor’s diagnosis might be wrong. • Christians believe in the Sanctity of Life. • Against Commandment ‘Do not kill’. • Jesus suffered on the cross – he didn’t cut short his suffering therefore not down to us to end our life. • Doctors are against euthanasia it is their job to try and save & protect life. • Some people think accepting suffering may have a spiritual value for your soul. • Jesus cared for the sick, he never talks about any type of euthanasi

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    Response To H J Mccloskey S Article On Being A

    2024 words - 9 pages

    RESPONSE TO H. J. McCLOSKEY’S ARTICLE PHIL 201-B16 Ronald D. Kuykendall Liberty University Online, March 11, 2011 ? Does God exist? This is a question which has been debated for ages. Each side has it’s philosopher who present their reasoning for or against the existence of God. In his article “On Being an Atheist”, H.J. McCloskey attempts to make an argument for the non-existence of God and to give reasons why atheism is more comforting than theism. This paper is a response to that article which will address certain ideas raised by Mr. McCloskey. This author is a theist and w

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    1495 words - 6 pages

    On Being An Atheist The article H.J. McCloskey wrote was intended to pursue that there are no good arguments for the evidence of the existence of God. “On Being an Atheist”, McCloskey tried to void the argument for the existence of God by opposing that they were not rational arguments. This article does not aim to only deny the existence that there in fact is a God, it moreover seeks to deny that God created evil. The problem the McCloskey has with the concept that there is a God, is how could an all-knowing, all-powerful being create a world where there is both good and evil and if in fact

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    3871 words - 16 pages

    Perception of Naguenians to “Bukag Camsur” Part 1: Project Profile Background Name: Age: Address: Section: Part II: Question Proper. The researcher’s intend to acquire some of the Naguenians’ opinion about the issue of Bukag CamSur. The questions below seek for your opinion and knowledge about the said topic of the research entitled, Perception of Naguenians to “Bukag Camsur”. 1. Are you aware of the issue about Bukag Camsur? Please check. Yes No 2. Are you affected by the splitting up of the province? If yes, how? If no, why not? 3. Are you in favor of (HB) House B

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    6415 words - 26 pages

    Presumption A presumption fallacy occurs when an arguer shirks the burden of proof by presenting a premise that is just as much in need of proof as his conclusion. Remember that an argument issupposed to support a claim that we don't already believe by means of premises that we doalready believe. If we don't already believe those premises, then those premises need to be supported by their own arguments. When an arguer relies on a premise that is clearly just as much in need of support as his conclusion, then he commits a presumption fallacy. Basically, in a presumption fallacy an arguer expli

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    Do People Need To Prove That God Exists

    3020 words - 13 pages

    In general most would say that it is not possible to prove the existence of a non-corporeal being, given that we do not hold all of the conceivable actualities. The question as to whether or not Humans need to prove that God exists has been an ongoing topic discussed for centuries and will undoubtedly never end. Surprisingly, it is philosophically possible to prove that God exist, however there are those who say that it is possible to disprove God’s existence as well. Philosophically speaking there are several Arguments for the existence of God, we are going to take a look at just a few of the

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    Pascals Wager

    3119 words - 13 pages

    Pascal’s Wager was a philosophical proposition asserted by Blaise Pascal explaining why we should believe in God, though it is often interpreted as a way to convince the non-believer to believe in God. Pascal stated that we cannot determine if God exists through reason; nevertheless, we should bet on his existence because if he does exist we gain everything, and if he does not we have next to nothing to lose. The theory was described in Pensees which was a collection of Pascal’s notes published after his death. In the historical sense, Pascal’s Wager was important because it was one of the

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